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Nueva Bibliografía http://afroperuanos.com/?p=45 http://afroperuanos.com/?p=45#comments
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admin http://afroperuanos.com/?p=45 Revise nuestra bibliografía totalmente actualizada así como el balance que hemos realizado sobre todo lo escrito sobre afroperuanos presentado en el último evento de CEDET.

Esperamos tus comentarios.

]]>
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Estudios sobre afroperuanos : Balance http://afroperuanos.com/?p=44 http://afroperuanos.com/?p=44#comments
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admin http://afroperuanos.com/?p=44 El camino recorrido: Lo que se ha escrito sobre los afroperuanos.

 

Rosa Dorival

 

Este proyecto, cuyo objetivo es hacer un relevamiento de toda la información disponible sobre afroperuanos, se inició hace más de tres décadas, cuando Tito Rodríguez me invitó a participar en el Movimiento Francisco Congo. Desde aquellos años me interesaba reunir la producción bibliográfica sobre los afroperuanos. Se juntaron, entonces, mis tres pasiones: la bibliotecología, la sociología y el afán de conocer mis raíces. Una de mis primeras acciones fue reunir a los investigadores sobre el tema afroperuano en lo que sería el I Encuentro de Investigadores de la Cultura Negra en el Perú, que se llevó a cabo en la Universidad Católica (PUCP).

Inicié este largo camino en las bibliotecas de la PUCP, el Instituto Riva Agüero y la Biblioteca Nacional (BNP); las que, por razones de trabajo o estudio, tenía más a la mano. Eran los tiempos en que había que estar “físicamente” para poder revisar los catálogos. La época de los enormes ficheros de madera y sus trajinadas fichas pintadas de colores. Lo que más recuerdo de aquellos años era la extrañeza con que me atendían diligentes bibliotecólogos cuando me veían pedir y devolver con mucha rapidez los libros que solicitaba. Luego les explicaría de qué se trataba y de ahí en adelante me esperaban con información que a veces no estaba en los catálogos.

El objetivo de ese estudio era dar a conocer qué se había escrito sobre el tema pero, sobre todo, me interesa identificar qué faltaba por trabajar y así poder definir mi objeto de estudio.

Sobre la terminología

En el año 2001 la Conferencia Mundial de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas realizada en Durban, Sudáfrica, marcó todo un hito en la problemática sobre racismo y discriminación a nivel mundial. En esta Asamblea, se introdujo el término afrodescendiente, con la finalidad de tener un lenguaje común que identificara a las personas de ascendencia africana nacidas en este continente como resultado de un proceso de éxodo que originó la esclavitud.

La búsqueda de las referencias era muy sencilla. Solo había que ir al fichero de temas y buscar el término “Negro – Perú ­– Historia” y todas sus variantes: “Negros en la literatura”, “Música negra”, etc. Así se sigue refiriendo aún hoy en día en todas las bibliotecas del Perú. En nuestro afán de que se normalicen los términos de búsqueda remití a las bibliotecas –a través de la lista Biblio– una solicitud basada en el documento de Alicia Todazo y Ana M. Martínez[1] indicando la tendencia racista de estos términos, los que deberían ser reemplazados por “afroperuanos”.

Metodología

Inicialmente se visitaron las bibliotecas de la PUCP –incluido el Instituto Riva Agüero–, así como la Biblioteca Nacional del Perú, las bibliotecas del Instituto de Estudios Peruanos (IEP) y del IFEA. Posteriormente, y desde hace cuatro años, la consulta ha sido directamente en los catálogos en línea de las mencionadas instituciones y a búsquedas directas en Google y Google scholars. Estamos en proceso de incluir las referencias encontradas en bases de datos como Jstor, proquest y Ebsco.

Este estudio recoge 563 referencias de aquello publicado exclusivamente sobre los afroperuanos. Solo hemos considerado obras donde se menciona al Perú en una parte significativa de la obra.

¿Por qué Bibliometría?

El presente trabajo no solo pretende ser un recuento bibliográfico ordenado que facilite  el trabajo intelectual individual; también intentamos hacer una cartografía, un mapeo que nos indique hacia dónde estamos avanzando y cuáles son los vacíos que debemos cubrir.[2] Esto nos permitirá definir políticas conjuntas de desarrollo de la investigación científica en esta materia.

En ese sentido,  con la Bibliometría es posible ver la actividad, estructura y evolución de una ciencia, cuantificar sus resultados y aplicarlos a su desarrollo. Esta disciplina –que es parte de la Bibliotecología–utiliza métodos matemáticos y estadísticos para medir el desarrollo de un campo del saber. Además, nos ayuda a definirlos procesos de la comunicación escrita, la naturaleza y desarrollo de las disciplinas científicas mediante técnicas de recuento y análisis de la comunicación[3].

Lo que vamos a presentar es pues un análisis basado en un estudio cuantitativo de la producción bibliográfica sobre los estudios de los afroperuanos. Para ello hemos considerado las variables: tipo de publicación, año de publicación, autores y temas.

 

Sobre el tipo de publicación

Una medida importante de la relevancia del tema es el medio dónde se publican las investigaciones. Estas son editadas en libros y en revistas científicas, sin embargo, para un tema políticamente sensible como este, el tipo de publicación es más un indicador del interés por difundir la verdadera historia y la situación de los afroperuanos.

El mundo académico valora en mayor medida el libro, considerando el artículo de revista como una aproximación o introducción a temas que serán desarrollados y profundizados en publicaciones monográficas. No olvidemos, sin embargo, el carácter social de este tipo de documentos, es decir, la posibilidad de convertirse en una opción para muchos historiadores noveles de divulgar sus investigaciones fuera de los canales editoriales que suelen ser costosos.

Esto se ve reflejado en los resultados. De un total de 563 referencias recogidas[4] la distribución es como sigue:

Libros                                     35%

Artículos revistas                   30%                           

Capítulos de libros                 15%

Artículos en periódicos          10%

Tesis                                       6%

Seminarios                              3%

e-books                                   1%

Como podemos apreciar, existe una tendencia a publicar desde el ámbito académico. Más adelante veremos las instituciones que han apoyado las publicaciones; es decir, en libros y/o como capítulos de libros que abarcan temas más generales, como historia de alguna época específica del Perú o, últimamente, las que tocan el problema del racismo en el país.

Es necesario señalar el importante porcentaje de artículos de revistas de carácter académico, pero también, debemos reconocer el alto porcentaje en periódicos y revistas de actualidad, donde no se exige rigor académico. Aquí es clara la intención de difusión de la problemática.

“Cuando un investigador está convencido de lo que hace, parte imprescindible de su estrategia como científico es influir con el propio conocimiento en el núcleo de investigadores internacionales de su especialidad”[5]. Sin embargo, en este caso son pocas las referencias a revistas internacionales importantes lo que indica la baja visibilidad de las investigaciones en la comunidad científica internacional. Aquellos que han logrado aportar a través de estas revistas son los estudiosos con contactos en esos círculos porque son extranjeros o son docentes en universidades extranjeras.

Es cierto que muchas de las revistas donde publican los historiadores en nuestro país no son rankeadas a nivel internacional por su falta de normalización, como por la escasa difusión y el carácter divulgativo de muchas de ellas. Sin embargo, conviene recordar el importante papel que grandes y buenas revistas –no siempre académicas– han jugado en la historiografía contemporánea.

Según años de publicación

De acuerdo a lo que señalan todos los que han elaborado reseñas sobre los afroperuanos, el grueso de la producción se inicia en la década delos años 70; a partir de ahí se ha dado un crecimiento continuo, debido por un lado a las facilidades de impresión, a la aparición de ONG y grupos, y a una mayor preocupación académica:

1800                           6

1904-1959                  40

Década de los 60        26

Década de los 70        64

Década de los 80        77

Década de los 90        135

Del 2000 al 2010        206

Si tomamos en cuenta la década de mayor productividad es fácil inducir que anualmente aparecen, en promedio, 20 aportes; y si consideramos que el 30% son artículos en revistas de actualidad, el porcentaje de creación de nuevo conocimiento es más bien bajo.

Price[6] formuló una ley según la cual el crecimiento de la ciencia es exponencial, siendo su ritmo más rápido que la mayoría de los fenómenos sociales. Mientras que la población se duplica cada 50 años, la literatura científica se convierte en el doble en 10 años. Como consecuencia de este crecimiento Price habla de la “contemporaneidad” de la Ciencia, lo que significa que el 87% de los científicos de todas las décadas estudiadas están vivos durante sus respectivos períodos de tiempo.

Como podemos observar en el cuadro, se cumplen dos afirmaciones, que el inicio de la mayor producción se da en la década de los 70 y que, a partir de ahí, se cumple la ley de Price, con un crecimiento exponencial y de la contemporaneidad científica de nuestro tema.

Según autores

Tenemos que distinguir entre los autores personales de aquellos institucionales, donde identificaremos aquellas instituciones que han venido apoyando la producción bibliográfica de este tema.

En cuanto a los autores personales, el promedio de publicaciones por autor es dos; es decir, es frecuente encontrar que un investigador que publica por primera vez sobre el tema lo vuelve a hacer en un corto espacio de tiempo. En esta segunda publicación suele profundizar el tema inicialmente trabajado, sin abandonar la temática inicial; en ese sentido, los autores más productivos se convierten en especialistas.

La ley de productividad de Lotka[7]señala que pocos autores son los que más producen. Así podemos señalar que una veintena de autores han producido casi el 50% del total. Es necesario recordar que no siempre productividad significa calidad. Es significativo incluso el hecho de que autores muy consultados tengan una o dos publicaciones.

La profesión de la mayoría de autores que publicaron entre 1970 y 1990 fue la de historiadores. Luego se fue diversificando, pero siempre alrededor de las ciencias sociales. Es el caso de la antropología, que viene trabajando sobre mestizaje y la sociología, que trata temas de derechos humanos y condiciones sociales. Últimamente han incursionado lingüistas y literatos, preocupados por la imagen del afrodescendiente en las novelas y el desarrollo del habla.

Entre los autores de mayor productividady tenemos:

Romero, Fernando                 Habla

Tardieu, Jean Pierre                Esclavitud

Aguirre, Carlos                       Esclavitud

Santacruz, Nicomédes           Décimas

Adanaque Velásquez, Raúl    Esclavitud - Marcas

Harth-Terre, Emilio               

Hunefeldt, Christine              Familia, vida cotidiana

Las citas bibliográficas son un indicador de “autoridad” en la materia. Citamos aquellos autores más reconocidos por la seriedad científica de su trabajo, por el manejo de fuentes primarias, por la seriedad de sus análisis, etc. En muchos casos, estos autores se convierten en “clásicos” y son mencionados con mucha frecuencia.

Entre los autores más citados se encuentran Jean Pierre Tardieu, Carlos Aguirre, Emilio Harth-Terre y, aunque no fue muy prolífico, suele ser citado José Antonio del Busto con su Historia del negro en el Perú.

Como podemos observar son los estudios históricos los que merecen no solo más citas sino también una mayor lectoría debido a su alto período de tiempo de vigencia. Esto aunado a las referencias documentales que suelen referir.

En cuanto a los autores institucionales, debemos señalar que cada vez es mayor el número de publicaciones producidas –sobre todo producto de seminarios–por organizaciones afroperuanas, ONG que aparecen en la década de los 80 y que reconocen la importancia de la investigación para el conocimiento y difusión de la situación de esta población. Sin un conocimiento científico es difícil emprender acciones políticas sólidas.

Por el lado de las instituciones académicas, cabe resaltar el IEP, la PUCP, las tesis de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos yel Congreso de la República,las que mantienen una política constante de publicación.

En cuanto al Estado, debemos mencionar el estudio publicado este año por la Defensoría del Pueblo,[8] alineándose con la terminología adecuada y proponiendo salidas políticas que es necesario revisar; pero que muestran el interés de esta influyente institución estatal en materia de derechos humanos.

Según los temas

El análisistemático permite descubrir la evolución de las corrientes investigadoras y los aspectos de cada Ciencia que más o menos interesan a los especialistas.Los aspectos temáticos más estudiados por la Bibliometría[9]son:

  • Número de trabajos publicados sobre un tema.
  • Evolución cronológica de una disciplina o subdisciplina.
  • Las “lagunas” (falta de información) o “riadas” (superabundancia temática).
  • Tendencias y modas historiográficas detectables a partir de la aparición o desaparición de determinados términos.
  • Interrelaciones de unas disciplinas con otras a través del uso de conceptos comunes y “clusters”.
  • La existencia de sinónimos de distinta aplicación según la temática o la designación de idénticos fenómenos con distintos términos según el área geográfica, la escuela historiográfica, o el paso del tiempo.

En el tema que nos interesa, no podemos hablar de una “superabundancia temática” –ni siquiera en lo concerniente a la esclavitud– ya que todos han aportado mucho o poco para construir el conocimiento. Sin embargo, sí observamos lagunas o temas tangencialmente o poco trabajados –mujer, familia, niños, entre otros–.

El mayor porcentaje de los estudios (52%) corresponden a la historia de la población afroperuana y, dentro de ellos, al tema de la esclavitud (65%).

En cuanto a las épocas de la historia del Perú, se trabajan la época de la Colonia, la participación del negro en la Independencia y en los primeros años de la República.

Sin embargo, como señala Newton Mori[10], no existen muchos trabajos, a excepción del de Frederick Browser[11], que presenten un panorama general en un período determinado.

Del esclavo se han estudiado temas tales como:orígenes, comercio, trata, tráfico, marcas, manumisión y abolición. Asimismo, sus rebeliones –cimarronaje, palenques–, la criminalidad, delincuencia y violencia. Igualmente, sus organizaciones –como las cofradías– y expresiones culturales –como la música y la danza–; así como sus manifestaciones religiosas.

Son importantes tanto los estudios sobre relaciones interculturales indio-negro, chinos-negros (Rodríguez Pastor), como las investigaciones lingüísticas (Fernando Romero).

Son pocos los estudios que hacen referencia a la época contemporánea, en áreas tales como la situación económica, social y política. En cambio, se centran en el problema del racismo y la discriminación;así como en los derechos humanos, liderazgo–promovidos por el desaparecido José Carlos Luciano–, la identidad y la cultura (especialmente, su aporte a la música). Asimismo, la presencia de la mujer cobra importancia en las dos últimas décadas.

Pese a ser aún pocos, los análisis literarios y lingüísticos están cobrando importancia (Arrelucea). Cabe hacer mención especial a los estudios sobre la presencia del negro en la literatura y a los estudios regionales (Roca).

 

 

Sociedad de la información

Muchos teóricos denominan la época actual como sociedad de la información, sociedad del conocimiento, sociedad digital, etcétera. La base para denominarla así es la influencia de la tecnología para la difusión y producción de información. Hoy en día contamos con una inmensa cantidad de información a la que podemos acceder en pocos segundos. Sin embargo, el problema radica en que no somos capaces de absorber todo este cúmulo de información dispersa en la web.

La Bibliometríatrabaja también la evaluación de los productos del pensamiento representadono solo físicamente en los documentos, es decir, el conocimiento intelectual apoyado en soporte material (libros, revistas etc.) sino también, y con más impacto en los últimos cinco años, consignados de manera virtual en la red.

Uno de los grandes beneficios que ofrece Internet para los investigadores es poder acceder a los catálogos de casi todas las bibliotecas del mundo. Ya no necesitamos movilizarnos para consultar alguna biblioteca.Asimismo, se han colocado a texto completo muchas de las investigaciones, incluidas algunas tesis. Una herramienta importante es el googlescholar o googleacadémico.

La introducción de nuevos aspectos en el estudio sobre el negro ha provenido de fuera, son realizados en otros países y su difusión se ha dado gracias a red.

Las bibliografías impresas tienen una gran desventaja, que es la desactualización; por ello, conscientes de que Internet es una herramienta poderosa que nos permite una actualización en tiempo real, decidimos colocar la bibliografía en una página web. De esta manera se puede actualizar frecuentemente y rompe las barreras del tiempo y el espacio.

La bibliografía está alojada enhttp://afroperuanos.com/, se encuentra ordenada alfabéticamente y, en muchos casos, se puede acceder a la carátula del libro, a la tabla de contenido, a un resumen y al texto completo.

También contamos con un wikiespacio donde todos podemos aportar, incluyendo información, datos, referencias de estudios, sobre la historia del pueblo afroperuano. Está ubicado enhttp://afroperuanos.wikispaces.com/Historia

Conclusiones y recomendaciones

El uso de la Bibliometría nos permite identificar vacíos que debemos plantearnos como retos para tener una comprensión global de la historia y situación de los afroperuanos.

Si hacemos una comparación con cualquier otra temática acerca de la población peruana o de hechos históricos en general, el estudio del “negro” aparece sin duda en último lugar.

Desde el punto de vista de los autores, y por la evaluación del número de investigadores que han trabajado y trabajan el tema, podemos concluir que es muy bajo; si consideramos que son más de 100 años y en los últimos diez años se ha producido en promedio a razón de 20 publicaciones, en su mayoría artículos de difusión. En ese sentido, debemos hacer campañas, concursos de investigación para estudiantes –tanto escolares como universitarios, o a nivel internacional– para despertar el interés e incrementar el número de estudios de más largo aliento.

Asimismo, se debe promover el uso de metodologías científicas para el desarrollo de las investigaciones, a fin de darle una mayor seriedad científica y que sean objeto de citación no solo en este campo específico sino también de los temas relacionados; asimismo, que se incluya el tema dentro del debate, tanto de la historia y la política en general.

Debemos mencionar que existe una buena proporción (12%) de estudios realizadas por extranjeros y/o desde el extranjero. Recientemente el trabajo titulado Yo soy negro: blackness in Peru (New worlddiásporas)[12]es una muestra de la rigurosidad con que se emprenden proyectos fuera del país.

En este punto quiero hacer una reflexión a lo señalado porNewton Mori[13] de que “…no hay discusión teórico-conceptual”. Efectivamente, luego de leer los estudios, son pocos los conceptos desarrollados en ellos desde una perspectiva teórica. Las corrientes teórico-metodológicas, los modelos sociales y económicos, están ausentes y lo que prima es el recuento de hechos. Abren caminos en este sentido Pablo Macera y Carlos Aguirre.

Igualmente, se requiere abrir un mayor espectro en instituciones académicas, introduzcamos la idea de formar un centro de estudios africanos.

Con respecto a los temas, es cierto que estos se abordan dependiendo de la coyuntura política;véase al respecto, el balance bibliográfico de Ragás[14]. Pero también podemos ser capaces de planificar y llenar los vacíos de la investigación; es decir, embarcarnos en estudios de carácter global sobre las distintas etapas de la historia del Perú. En ese sentido, es importante el proyecto de revisar la información que se consigna en los textos escolares a fin de contrastarla con las investigaciones realizadas y aportar en aquellas etapas en las que no aparece o simplemente se mencionan sus “aportes”.

Igualmente, motivar los trabajos en otras zonas geográficas. Actualmente se está impulsando el trabajo en el norte con el Museo Afroperuano que dirige Luis Roca. Faltan trabajos del Sur chico, de Ica, y en general de todo el país. En tal sentido, aún está pendiente la tarea de identificación geográfica no solo de comunidades sino de familias que se encuentran dispersas por todo el Perú.

En cuanto al espacio temporal, todavía faltan los estudios del afroperuano en la República, durante los distintos gobiernos y situaciones históricas republicanas concretas. Sobre todo, del momento actual. Nos falta identificar quiénes son, dónde están, qué hacen, qué sienten frente a su identidad, cómo viven, cómo se relacionan, sus tradiciones culturales, sus expresiones orales, etc. ¿Es cierta la afirmación que por el mestizaje ha disminuido el número de la poblacióny que es cada vez mayor su dispersión?

Son necesarios estudios antropológicos, sociales y económicos de la situación actual. Es decir,un trabajo  multidisciplinario. No solamente del sector más empobrecido de esta población sino la del gran número de profesionales que influyen en los diversos ámbitos de la vida nacional. El “blanqueamiento” por la cultura y la educación es un tema que despierta mi interés.

Un tema que me parece crucial abordar es el racismo, producto de los estereotipos que los estudios no han apoyado en erradicar. Somos testigos de la nueva forma de racismo que se está manifestando en la red, que muestra no solo ignorancia sino un grado de desprecio muy fuerte. No es el solapado racismo limeño, es un racismo violento y directo, validado por el anonimato de los cibernautas, que apoyan abiertamente por ejemplo a personajes denigrantes, como el denominado “negro mama”. Un estudio sobre racismo en la red está a la espera.

Son muchas las interrogantes pendientes de resolver sobre los afroperuanos, lo que es un desafío que debemos enfrentar en conjunto: investigadores, instituciones académicos, ONG y grupos organizados. Confío que estos encuentros organizados por el CEDET continúen motivando la investigación sobre este tema.




[1] TODARO, Alicia y Ana M. Martínez. “Las razas en una lista de encabezamientos en español”.Brasília, vol. 35, N° 3, setiembre-diciembre 2006, pp. 272-281.

[2]PÉREZ MATOS, Nuria E.  “La bibliografía, bibliometría y las ciencias afines”.ACIMED,vol.10, N°3  mayo-junio 2002. Revisado en   http://scielo.sld.cu/scielo.php?pid=S1024 94352002000300001&script=sci_arttext

[3] El primer concepto de Bibliometría procede Alan Pritchard  quien en 1969 la definió como la aplicación de los métodos estadísticos y matemáticos dispuestos para definir los procesos de la comunicación escrita y la naturaleza y el desarrollo de las disciplinas científicas mediante técnicas de recuento y análisis de dicha comunicación.

[4] Es importante señalar que una recopilación bibliográfica de este tipo donde lo que se pretende es recoger todo lo producido no siempre es completa, pero asumimos que hemos registrado un 90%.

[5]

[6]PRICE, D.S. Little Science, Big Science. New York:Columbia University Press, 1963.

[7] LOTKA, A.J.”The frecuency Distribution of Scientific Productivity”. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 1926, vol.26, Nº317.

[8]Los afrodescendientes en el Perú: una aproximación a su realidad y al ejercicio de sus derechos. Lima : Defensoría del Pueblo, 2011

[9]RUBIO LINIERS, María Cruz.Clío N°7, 199 Revisado http://clio.rediris.es/clionet/articulos/bibliometria.htm

 

[10]NEWTON, Mori. “El Mundo afroperuano: guía bibliográfica”. En: identidad, historia y política. Lima : CEDET, 2005

[11]BOWSER, Frederick “El esclavo africano en el Perú colonial 1524-1650” México : Siglo XXI, 1977

[12] GOLASH-BOZA, Tanya.Yo soy negro: blackness in Peru (New world diásporas). Miami FL: University of FloridaPress, 2010.

[13]Op cit.

[14]RAGAS, José “Afroperuanos: un acercamiento bibliográfico”. En: Etnicidad y discriminación racial en la historia del Perú. 2003 pp.191-226

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Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 26

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 12

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 21

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 23

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 25

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 26
Yo soy negro. Nuevo libro http://afroperuanos.com/?p=41 http://afroperuanos.com/?p=41#comments
Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 12

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 21

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 23

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 25

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 26

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 12
Sun, 04 Sep 2011 13:58:48 +0000
admin http://afroperuanos.com/?p=41 Así es el título del libro recientemente publicado en Estados Unidos.

Yo Soy Negro is the first book in English—in fact, the first book in any language in more than two decades—to address what it means to be black in Peru. Based on extensive ethnographic work and more than 80 interviews with Afro-Peruvians, this groundbreaking study explains how ideas of race, color, and mestizaje in Peru differ greatly from those held in other Latin American nations”

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Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 12

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 21

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 23

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 25

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 26

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 12

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 21

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 23

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 25

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 26
Afronoticias : Nuevo facebook http://afroperuanos.com/?p=40 http://afroperuanos.com/?p=40#comments
Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 12

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 21

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 23

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 25

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 26

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 12
Sun, 04 Sep 2011 13:53:38 +0000
admin http://afroperuanos.com/?p=40 Interesante facebook que presenta noticias sobre el tema afro en el Perú.

Hazte fan de Afronoticias siguiendo este enlace http://www.facebook.com/afronoticiasperu

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Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 12

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 21

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 23

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 25

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 26

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 12

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 21

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 23

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 25

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 26
Etnoeducación e intercultualidad : Perspectiva afrodescendiente http://afroperuanos.com/?p=39 http://afroperuanos.com/?p=39#comments
Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 12

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 21

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 23

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 25

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 26

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 12
Sun, 04 Sep 2011 13:44:31 +0000
admin http://afroperuanos.com/?p=39 A partir del lunes 5 de setiembre se iniciará el IV Seminario Internacional organizado por el CEDET que tiene como objetivo general
Incorporar la etnoeducación en el sistema educativo peruano y como específicos: Resaltar la importancia de la etnoeducación en la educación formal e informal; sensibilizar a los responsables del sistema educativo peruano para asumir la etnoeducación en el mismo sistema; resaltar la importancia de la educación temprana, que incorpora a los padres, la familia y el entorno cultural asumiendo además la perspectiva etnoeducativa; convocar a agentes educativos nacionales para profundizar en el
tema de la etnoeducación y la generación de materiales para su aplicación en la realidad educativa peruana.

Revisar el programa en la siguiente dirección: http://www.cedet.net/triptico_semirio_web.pdf

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Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 12

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 21

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 23

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 25

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 26

Warning: mktime(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 12

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 21

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 23

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 25

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /var/www/vhosts/afroperuanos.com/httpdocs/wp-includes/functions.php on line 26
BID financia proyectos para comunidades afrodescendientes http://afroperuanos.com/?p=38 http://afroperuanos.com/?p=38#comments
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Thu, 16 Oct 2008 16:32:27 +0000
admin http://afroperuanos.com/?p=38 Financian programas afroperuanos Importante acogida logra en las organizaciones dedicadas a la temática afroperuana la convocatoria del Programa Regional de Apoyo a las Poblaciones Rurales de Ascendencia Africana de América Latina (ACUA) para el financiamiento de experiencias de desarrollo de grupos formales u organizaciones afrodescendientes, que rescaten la cultura, la identidad, el medio ambiente, la diversidad y el patrimonio de los pueblos, para postular a financiamientos de apoyo por montos de hasta $ 20,000 (veinte mil dólares).

El programa ACUA, constituido por el Fondo Internacional de Desarrollo Agrícola (FIDA) y el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID) promovió la convocatoria a través de talleres y contactos con las instituciones no gubernamentales peruanas dedicadas a esa temática.

La convocatoria está dirigida a las asociaciones y grupos afrodescendientes, a presentar experiencias exitosas, basadas en su identidad cultural, cuyo objetivo principal sea aportar al desarrollo económico y social del país. La invitación es para las instituciones de poblaciones afrodescendientes de comunidades de Bolivia, Brasil, Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá, Perú y Venezuela.

Podrán presentarse experiencias relacionadas con la artesanía, artes visuales y plásticas, música, danza, gastronomía, agroindustria, turismo, medicina tradicional o cualquier otra expresión cultural que beneficie el desarrollo individual y comunal.

De: http://www.diariolaprimeraperu.com/online/noticia.php?IDnoticia=21804

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Documental sobre música afroperuana http://afroperuanos.com/?p=37 http://afroperuanos.com/?p=37#comments
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Thu, 16 Oct 2008 16:13:05 +0000
admin http://afroperuanos.com/?p=37  ESTRENO. Dirige realizadora española

El despertar de la música afroperuana en documental

Tras la larga noche, el despertar. A eso apunta el título del documental “Música afroperuana: Tras la larga noche”, una hora de filmación en la que, de la mano de la realizadora y guionista española Patricia Ferreira, uno es invitado a sumergirse en el mundo de la música afroperuana, un recorrido desde lo tradicional hasta el jazz y composiciones de jóvenes autores.

El filme, que forma parte de la muestra de la séptima edición de Documental Independiente Peruano (DIP), se presentará esta noche, a las 7:00 p.m., en el C.C. de España (Natalio Sánchez 181, Santa Beatriz).

Así, a lo largo de la cinta, veremos a Susana Baca, una de las cantantes cuyo trabajo la ha llevado a obtener un Grammy en el 2002 y a ser una de las principales difusoras de la música afroperuana en el mundo, cantar junto con leyendas como David Byrne o con sus músicos en auditorios abarrotados de asistentes. También desfilarán figuras importantes como Rafael Santa Cruz, Chevo Ballumbrosio y Javier Lazo, así como la legendaria banda Perú Jazz.

El evento contará con la presencia de la directora Patricia Ferreira y luego habrá un conversatorio. La noche cerrará con una gran fiesta afro con la presentación de todos los músicos participantes en el documental.

Previamente, a partir de las 6:00 p.m., se mostrarán documentales de realizadores como José Balado (”Sonodocu: al otro lado del muro”) y Gianfranco Annichini (”Radio Belén”).

Ferreira, quien desarrolló una amplia carrera en Televisión Española como directora y guionista de series y documentales, obtuvo dos nominaciones a los premios Goya con su primer largometraje, “El alquimista impaciente (2001)”; y otras tres nominaciones con su tercer largo, “Para que no me olvides (2005)”, protagonizada por el actor Fernando Fernán Gómez

EL DATO
Fiesta afro
Tras el documental habrá una fiesta en el C.C. de España –ingreso libre– con la participación de Susana Baca, Perú Jazz y el resto de artistas incluidos en el filme.

De El Comercio 16.10.08

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Encuentro Iberoamericano http://afroperuanos.com/?p=36 http://afroperuanos.com/?p=36#comments
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Thu, 16 Oct 2008 16:03:45 +0000
admin http://afroperuanos.com/?p=36 Primer Encuentro Iberoamericano “Agenda Afrodescendiente en las Américas”

Primer Encuentro Iberoamericano Agenda Afrodescendiente en las Américas

Líderes culturales de Iberoamérica se darán cita en cartagena para el Primer Encuentro Iberoamericano “Agenda Afrodescendiente en las Américas”, organizado por el Ministerio de Cultura de Colombia.

 

Este evento, que se extenderá hasta el sábado 18 de octubre, congregará a los principales líderes culturales de la región (9 Ministros de Cultura de América Latina y el Caribe y 31 expertos internacionales), quienes compartirán experiencias y definirán las líneas de acción para el trabajo con las comunidades afrodescendientes de Iberoamérica, con base en una discusión desde el plano cultural, que generará posteriormente una interacción con África y Europa.

“Discutir la ‘Agenda Afrodescendiente en las Américas’ significa reconocer los avances que algunos movimientos sociales, académicos y los gobiernos han logrado, pero al mismo tiempo los grandes desafíos que tenemos en términos de desarrollo integral. El hecho de que esta discusión se amplíe en el marco de una agenda iberoamericana adquiere toda la relevancia de una reivindicación histórica”, aseguró la ministra Moreno.

Entre los asistentes al Encuentro estarán el ministro de Cultura de Brasil, Juca Ferreira, quien, en compañía de Zulú Araujo, director de la Fundación Palmares, lanzará en Cartagena el Observatorio Afrolatino, que tendrá como objetivo monitorear y coordinar los avances y proyectos regionales sobre este tema.

También estarán presentes los ministros de Guinea Ecuatorial, Honduras, República Dominicana, Barbados, Guatemala y las Bahamas; la Viceministra de Cultura de Panamá y representantes de los Ministerios de Paraguay y México, además del Director de Cultura de Jamaica.

Entre los expertos internacionales estarán Kei Kawabata, gerente del sector social del Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo (BID); Doudou Diene, relator especial de las Naciones Unidas sobre racismo, discriminación racial y xenofobia; Ndioro Ndiaye, directora adjunta de la Organización Internacional para las Migraciones (OIM) y fundadora de la Red de Mujeres Africanas Líderes a favor de la Paz y el Desarrollo, y Claudius Ceccon, caricaturista brasilero, entre otros.

El cierre del Encuentro se realizará el sábado 18 de octubre, a las 2 de la tarde, en San Basilio de Palenque, con la firma de la Declaratoria de Cartagena, en la que los Ministros de Cultura reiterarán la importancia del enfoque étnico diferencial en la determinación de una agenda para las Américas, teniendo en cuenta que es fundamental para la consolidación de las identidades de nuestros países y la integración regional.

 

Publicado en : http://www.entradalibre.org/index.php?module=announce&ANN_user_op=view&ANN_id=2322

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Sat, 08 Mar 2008 11:50:51 +0000
admin http://afroperuanos.com/?p=35 Con este título se presenta un reciente artículo en el blog Historia del Perú Colonial dirigido a estudiantes.

Foto: washingtonhispanic.com

En el siglo XVI no solo llegaron los invasores hispanos con su cristianismo y enfermedades, también llegaron a nuestras costas los africanos, que en un inicio fueron traídos en calidad de esclavos, cabe recordar que cuando Alonso de Molina descendió en TUMBES lo hizo con un negro que causó una fuerte impresión en los indígenas (esto fue durante el segundo viaje de Pizarro).

Como ya se mencionó los primeros negros fueron esclavos, pero al pasar el tiempo encontramos negros libertos y cimarrones, además de una serie de nombres que recibían por su condición u ocupación; a continuación se hará un recuento de las principales denominaciones que tenían los negros en la colonia:

Juan Candela Alva

Continuar leyendo

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